Reach High for Clear Water Salmon
By Mitch Eagan
Much has changed within the
underwater world the salmon of the Great Lakes swim. Nowadays, it’s
more than just the common cyclic climbs and crashes in the
population of both predator and prey that have sportfishing catches
varying year to year. In addition to Mother Nature’s natural order
is the introduction of a glut of exotic species flushed from the
ballasts of freighters from foreign seas.
say the water quality differs today from when the salmonid families
were first introduced into these freshwater seas in the late 1960’s
is a gross understatement.
One thing that hasn’t been tainted, however, are the wicked feeding
benders of Chinook and coho salmon. When the moment’s right, salmon
still gang up and rip through schools of alewives, lake herring and
smelt in the upper reaches of the water column.
But fooling these prowlers into striking isn’t as easy as it once
was. The H2O of all five massive waterways are now more lucent than
they have been in decades, and salmon frequently develop
noncommittal attitudes when it comes to striking the offerings from
anglers stuck in yesterday’s ways. Take clipping a lure to heavy
line and deploying it directly below the boat via cannon ball and
downrigger. While it’s still a great way to get a lure where it
needs to be when fish are roaming deep, the technique spooks fish
swimming high in the water column. As of late, the heavy lead ball
approach is being traded for light line trolling tactics.
The Answer’s Clear
You don’t need a doctorate in biology to understand why there’s been
a swift alteration in water clarity in these massive waterways, and,
why the salmon swimming within them have become pickier.
The newest generations of salmon have reacted to residing in the
ever-clearing water a couple different ways. First, both forage and
the lures that emulate them are getting noticed by fish from farther
away; thus anglers need to realize that even if they are seeing fish
on their sonar, say, contained by the thermocline 70 feet down,
those same fish have no trouble darting up and whacking a bait 40
However, if a lure doesn’t have the most natural wiggle or wobble
possible to it, salmon will turn tail and head back into the depths.
Pre-Plan Your Ploys
The key to clear water catching is getting baits out from under your
boat and to the sides or as far back behind as possible. Employing
lighter-than-normal terminal tackle, too, will allow lures their
full, intended stroke.
“I still use downriggers for deep fish, but the reverberation of the
cable spooks the salmon up high and they dart off and out to the
sides. Because of this, I use long rods or diving devises in
conjunction with the ‘riggers and double my catch,” says Captain
Larry Smith of Fish On II Charters, who’s been guiding clients in
his LUND boat on Lake Superior, out of the port of Lac La Belle in
Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, for decades.
Two ploys of Smith’s take a staggering amount of fish: Running a
crankbait off a long line strait out the back of the boat on one
side and deploying a Dipsy Diver-and-spoon combo off the other.
While in-line planer boards work
wonderfully for pulling crankbaits outside your trolling path, they
can also be cumbersome when it comes to reeling in hard-fishing fish
like salmon, especially with multiple lines out. Long rods, with a
sensitive tip to telegraph the lure’s every pulse, combined with
plenty of backbone for better hooks sets will take more fish. St.
Croix, for example, has both a 10-foot 6-inch- and 12-foot Eyecon
trolling rod that salmon tournament anglers are falling for. The
tips of these rods reach out and around downrigger booms and keep
line from tangling in their cables. And, they were designed for
Smith’s ideal line for trolling cranks for salmon is 10- to
12-pound-test monofilament because of its thin diameter, as well as
stretch, which is important for absorbing shock when a salmon jumps.
A tough mono, like Sufix Siege, that has superior knot strength yet
flows smoothly off the reel is vital for landing these hot fish that
twist and flip during battle.
your reels are already spooled with new, heavier pound test
monofilament, you can tie on one of Aquateko’s see-through
InvisaSwivels and then a 4-foot leader of 10- to 12-pound test Sufix
100% Fluorocarbon leader material. The properties of fluorocarbon
(which the InvisaSwivel is also made from) literally make the
material invisible in water – perfect for such clear water
Smith lets out at least 100 feet (sometime up to 300 feet) of line
when long-lining cranks. Rapala manufactures Trolls-To Minnows that
dive to 10, 15 and 20 feet on 10-pound test line as well a Deep Tail
Dancer that hits the 30-foot mark with 300-feet behind the boat. All
the aforementioned have been spied clipped to Smith’s rods...
Once his crankbaits are in position, Smith then sets out his spoons
and divers. Luhr-Jensen Dipsy Divers not only get a lure down, but
can be adjusted so they swing out to one side, increasing the
distance from your boat’s path.
Dipsys offer a lot of resistance when trolled, so Smith beefs up his
main line to 20-pound test, but then uses a leader between the diver
and spoon of 10-pound test to allow the spoon to keep its intended
action. “I want the spoon to wobble as best it can. That’s what gets
the fish to hit,” he adds. “And the size of the spoon often matters
more than the color.” Take, Luhr-Jensen’s Shoehorn Spoon, for
instance, which is stamped in three sizes (3, 4, and 5 inches). Each
size represents a different size of baitfish and should be used
accordingly to the dimension of the forage the salmon are feeding
High and Almighty
Hale to the king… salmon that is. And silver salmon, too. If you’re
looking to increase your catch of either, then remember: Much has
changed about the underwater world of salmon within the Great Lakes.
The water’s getting clearer by the year and thus salmon slyer. Pull
crankbaits and spoons on light line high in the water column and
outside the pulling path and you’ll catch more fish.
Michigan Upper Peninsula resident Mitch Eagan is an outdoor writer
of all things hunting and fishing throughout the Midwest, and lives
off the land and his harvest.
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T.J. & Monique Quesnel
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