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Ontario Fishing Network
Volume 2,  Issue 7 -  July. 2002

Depth Charts for over  90 Lakes, an essential guide for all lake fishermen. Only $15.95 plus taxes, S&H Call:
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by Steve Wickens

It only takes a quick peak into the mouth of a good-sized pike or muskie to quickly surmise that this is not a wise place to stick your digits if you wish for them to remain intact. Those spike-like teeth on the roof of their mouth can shred your knuckles in the blink of an eye, while the larger lower teeth can really do some serious damage. Trophy sized specimens may have teeth approaching two centimetres (3/4 inch) long, and should be shown extreme caution.

But even more dangerous than teeth are loose treble hooks. Finding a large treble hook buried in your arm or hand is bad enough, but becomes a pretty frightening situation if the other end of that bait is still attached to an active pike or muskie. Muskie legend Dick Pearson, found himself in that very situation many years ago. The fish ripped the lure out of the back of Dick's hand, resulting in a requirement for sixteen stitches. Another fellow guide took a barb right up under a knuckle. He was fishing alone at the time. Luckily he had a compound cutting tool nearby and was able to cut himself out of trouble, but still required emergency surgery on his finger to remove the hook and save the finger.

Whether you are experienced or not, hand landing pike or muskies is extremely dangerous when lures with multiple treble hooks are being used, and even more so once the lures exceed six or seven inches in length. Fish should be landed using one of the following methods: release gaff, net, cradle, or lipping tool (such as a Boga Grip). I should point out that the cradle is a two-man operation. The release gaff is the most difficult to learn, and requires confidence, and patience. The easiest to use to learn, and also one of the most effective is a net. The bigger and heavier the hoop and yoke, the better the net. Frabill and Beckman manufacture the best nets, but Lucky Strike and Gibbs also make some good products. A net with a rubberized mesh is superior to traditional mesh, as it removes less of the protective slime from the fish, and is also less susceptible to tangling. Pick a landing tool, and get good with it. If you are not sure how to use any one of these release methods properly, organizations like Muskies Canada or Pikemasters would be only to happy to help you out.

Once the fish is contained, then the hooks should be removed as quickly as possible. Try to keep the fish in the water as much as possible if the fish is to be released. More than two minutes out of the water, and that fish will not survive. For smaller hooks, a long-handled hook disgorger like the Baker Hook-out, or a pair of long-handled 45-degree offset pliers will work fine. For bigger hooks, you will want a pair of heavy Stanley or Vise Grip pliers. Deeply buried hooks, or hooks in around the gills should be cut-off as short as possible. A compound cutter makes this job easy. Knipex makes the best cutters on the market for this; their cutters will cut a huge 9/0 stainless hook with one-hand. Compound cutters are a must for the safety reasons I noted above too. In the event you get hooked, you're only going to have one hand free; side cutters just won't do the job on larger hooks! A pair of jaw spreaders is a handy tool that gives you a little more clearance around those teeth. Wrap some hockey or electrical tape around the ends to prevent the sharp ends from damaging the soft tissue, and to add a little extra clearance. A sharp fillet knife is also handy. Sometimes simply knicking the flesh where a barb is hung-up can make hook extraction possible.

Let your tools do the work, and watch those teeth and hooks. Once the hooks are out, get the lure out of the way. Now you're free to handle the fish for a photo or release it. Try to handle pike and muskies by lifting them horizontally rather than vertically, as this places much less stress on the spine and internal organs of the fish. Fish should never be held vertically on a gaff or lipping tool, as there is a high likelihood that the jaw could be dislocated or broken. Be very mindful of the out of water time. The gills cannot be out of the water for longer than one or two minutes! The hotter the air temperature, the more stress the fish will endure when it is handled, and the less time it will take for permanent gill damage to result from being left out of the water too long.

Most of us like the odd picture when a good fish comes aboard, especially if we are going to be releasing the fish. Despite what you might occasionally see in some magazines, holding a fish up with a lure dangling from its mouth is an accident looking for a place to happen. Don't do it! Cradle the fish horizontally while your buddy snaps a few quick photos, and then get that fish back in the water quickly.

Muskies and northern pike both are impacted by lactic acid. Lactic acid builds in the bloodstream when the fish is subjected to undue stress. This build-up makes it difficult for these fish to properly absorb oxygen into the blood. A severe build-up of lactic acid can actually cause a pike or muskie to succumb to delayed mortality hours after what might appear as a successful release. This is why it is very important to keep handling and out of water time to minimum to reduce stress.

In the event you get bit, apply pressure to stop the bleeding, and wash the area thoroughly when you get home to eliminate any chance of infection. If you get hooked, the most important thing you can do is to subdue the fish, and get to those compound cutters and cut the hooks free just as quickly as you can. A thrashing fish can do to considerable damage in a matter of seconds… damage that could end your fishing season, or even leave you with a permanent handicap. Don't take chances, and always be on your guard when your hands are anywhere near the business end of a pike or muskie. Make sure your tools are handy, and in good working condition. Seized-up pliers or cutters are of little value. Oil your tools periodically throughout the season, and check them. A safe trip is also more likely to be a happy trip!


Muskies and pike have nasty teeth, don't take chances!     The right tools for the job (L to R): compound cutters, offset pliers, heavy pliers, knife, and jaw-spreaders.

STRIKE ZONE Muskie Charters   Muskie charters in the Kawarthas. Over 20 years of muskie angling experience, with close to 1,000 lifetime muskies boated, and 5 years as a professional guide. Uses a variety of innovative tactics and strategies for this remarkable fish. Writes regularly for a number of major fishing magazines/Internet sites, does lectures & seminars, and TV/radio. A long-time member of Muskies Canada, the Kawartha Fisheries Association, and the Outdoor Writers of Canada. Steve Wickens  

In this issue:

The Basic Lures for Lunker Largemouth   - Ontario Family Fishing Weekend
Watch those fingers; hooks and teeth can hurt!

Lodge Classifieds  - Ontario Fishing News - Downloadable Lodge Guide

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